the dating and study of behavior of past human cultures
this broad subdiscipline involves the reconstruction and multiscalar study of the patterns and variability of climate elements
the study of past and present forest ecological form and function, including topics such as fire and/or insect dynamics and forest composition history
the study of present landforms and past geomorphic processes, including volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, avalanches, glacial movement, and landslides
the reconstruction and study of past and present hydrologic phenomena, including water supply, river flow, and flood frequencies (related to dendroclimatology)
the study of stable isotopes of carbon, oxygen, and/or hydrogen of tree rings and application of results in various climatological, ecological, or hydrological contexts
the analysis of inorganic elements in tree rings and interpretation of chemical changes in the environment through time
basic dendrochronology techniques
Improving methods of dendrochronology, including use of high-technology methods such as X-ray densitometry and image analysis.
quantitative analysis methods
Basic research on how best to quantitatively analyze tree-ring data.