Stable isotopes of tree rings reveal seasonal-to-decadal patterns during the emergence of a megadrought in the Southwestern US

Category: Time:
Wednesday, February 24, 2021 - 12:00 to 13:00
Access:
public
Room: Speaker:
Paul Szejner
Affiliation:
Research associate at the Instituto de Geología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México and Designated campus college from the Laboratory of Tree‑Ring Research, University of Arizona
Contact:
Ramzi Touchan & Ann Lynch
Calendar Status:
confirmed

Recent evidence has revealed the emergence of a megadrought in southwestern North America since 2000. In this occasion I will talk about how we examined tree-ring growth and stable isotope ratios in Pinus ponderosa at its driest niche edge to investigate whether trees growing near their aridity limit were sensitive to the megadrought climatic conditions during or before the establishment of the current megadrought. During the decade before the megadrought, trees in four populations revealed increases in the cellulose δ13C content of earlywood, latewood, and false latewood, which, based on past studies are correlated with increased intrinsic water-use efficiency. However, radial growth and cellulose δ18O were not sensitive to pre-megadrought conditions. Our results reveal the utility of tree ring δ13C to understand spatiotemporal patterns during the organizational phase of a megadrought, demonstrating that trees near the arid boundaries of a species' distribution might be useful in the early detection of long-lasting droughts.